The phenology of Tipulidae (Diptera) species in the southwestern Anatolia Region

Hasan KOÇ, Alper TONGUÇ, Okan ÖZGÜL, Yağız MOLLA, Savaş CANBULAT

Abstract


In this study, the phenology of Tipulidae species (Diptera) was investigated in southwest Anatolia Region. The field surveys carry out in the southwestern Anatolia Region, consist of provinces of Antalya, Aydın, Burdur, Denizli, Isparta, and Muğla, between March and October of between 2002 and 2006 and 63 Tipulidae taxa were determined from the research area. Each month that field surveys were carried out were divided into four weeks. The flying times of Tipulidae species in the region were tried to determine in terms of marking the week that corresponds to the sampling date. Adults of identified species were found in almost every month from March to October in the research field. On the other hand, it was determined that the maximum taxa number flies in May (53) while the minimum taxa number flies in August (7). In the other months, the number of taxa ranged from 9-38. While the samples of three taxa fly all the months in the region, it was determined that the phenology for adults of eleven taxa were limited to a month. Finally the phenology of the most species mainly occurred during April, May and June.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Mannheims, B. & Theowald, B. (1980) 15. Tipuliden, Die Fliegen Der Palaearktischen Region. In:

Lindner, E. (Ed.), E.Schweizerbartische Verlagsbuchhandlung, Stuttgart, 538 pp.

Savchenko, E., N. (1983) Crane flies (Fam. Tipulidae), Introduction, Subfam. Dolichopezinae,

Subfam. Tipulinae (start), Fauna USSR, Diptera, 2 (1-2), 127, 585 pp.

Oosterbroek, P. & Theowald, B. (1992) Family Tipulidae. In: Soos A., Papp L. & Oosterbroek P.

(Eds.), Catalogue of Palaearctic Diptera, Hungarian Natural History Museum, Budapest, 1, 56-178.

Hofsvang, T. (1997) Diptera Tipulidae, Crane Flies. In: Nilsson, A. (Ed.), Aquatic Insects of North

Europe, Vol. 2, Stenstrup, pp. 93-98.

Oosterbroek, P. (2006) The European families of the Diptera, identification, diagnosis, biology.

KNNV-Uitgeverij, Utrecht, 205 pp.

Jong, H. De, Oosterbroek, P., Gelhaus, J., Reusch, H. & Young, C. (2008) Global biodiversity of

craneflies (Insecta, Diptera: Tipulidea or Tipulidae sensu lato) in freshwater. Hydrobiologia, 595,

-467.

Oosterbroek, P. (2013) Catalogue of the Craneflies of the World (Diptera, Tipuloidea: Pediciidae,

Limoniidae, Cylindrotomidae, Tipulidae). Available from: http://nlbif.eti.uva.nl/ccw/ (accessed 27

October 2013)

Vogtenhuber, P. (2004) Neue Taxa von Pterelachisus aus der Türkei (Diptera, Tipulidae). Denisia,

, 347-350.

Koç, H. (2007) Two new species of Tipula (Lunatipula) (Diptera, Tipulidae) from Turkey. Ann.

Soc. Entomol. (N.S.), 43 (3), 327-332.

Koç, H., Hasbenli, A. & Vogtenhuber, P. (2007) Eine neue türkische Tipula (Lunatipula) Art aus

der mellea Gruppe (Diptera: Tipulidae). Linzer biol. Beitr., 39 (2), 983-986.

Koç, H., Özgül, Ö., Tonguç, A. & Barlas, B. (2012) The Tipulidae fauna of southwestern Turkey

(Insecta: Diptera: Nematocera). Zoology in the Middle East, 57, 115-118.

Theischinger, G. (2009) Tipula (Lunatipula) bernhardi, a new tipulid species from Turkey (Diptera:

Tipulidae). Zoosymposia, 3, 305-308.

Koç, H., Aktaş, M. & Civelek, H.S. (2008) New Records of Tipula (Savtshenkia) (Diptera:

Tipulidae) from Turkey. Int. J. Dipterol. Res., 19 (1), 7-10.

Mannheims, B. (1950) Über Sammeln, Vorkommen und flugzeiten mitteleuropaischer Tipulidae

(Dipt.). Bonn. zool. Beitr., 1, 92-95.

Oosterbroek, P. (1978) The western palaearctic species of Nephrotoma Meigen, 1803 (Diptera,

Tipulidae), part 1. Beaufortia, 27 (337), 1-137.

Oosterbroek, P. (1979a) The western palaearctic species of Nephrotoma Meigen, 1803 (Diptera,

Tipulidae), part 2. Beaufortia, 28 (346), 57-111.

Oosterbroek, P. (1979b) The western palaearctic species of Nephrotoma Meigen, 1803 (Diptera,

Tipulidae), part 3. Beaufortia, 28 (350), 157-203.

Oosterbroek, P. (1979c) The western palaearctic species of Nephrotoma Meigen, 1803 (Diptera,

Tipulidae), part 4, including a key to the species. Beaufortia, 29 (354), 129-197.

Cramer, E. (1968) Die Tipuliden des Naturschutzparkes Hoher Vogelsberg. Deutsch. ent. Z. (N.F.),

, 133-232.

Hollander, J., The phenology and habitat of the species of the subgenus Tipula Linnaeus in the

Netherlands, Tijdschr. Ent., 118, 83-97, 1975.

Hofsvang, T., Hansen, L. O. & Midtgaard, F. (1993) Flight periods of Tipulidae (Diptera) from 22

Norvegian localities. Fauna norv. Ser. B, 40, 81-87.

Koç, H. (1999) Türkiye’nin Batı Karadeniz Bölgesi Tipulidlerinin Morfolojisi, Ekolojisi, Fauna ve

Sistematiği. (Doktora Tezi), Gazi Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.

Koç, H. (2004) Muğla ili Tipulidae ve Limoniidae familyalarının faunistik ve ekolojik yönden

incelenmesi. Muğla Üniversitesi Yayınları 55, Muğla, 154 pp.

Koç, H. (2006) Aydın ili Tipulidae familyası türlerinin faunistik ve ekolojik yönden incelenmesi.

Muğla Üniversitesi Yayınları 61, Muğla, 171 pp.

Karaman, A. (2004) Aydın İli Tipulidae (Insecta: Diptera) Türlerinin Faunistik ve Ekolojik Yönden

Araştırılması. (Yüksek Lisans Tezi), Muğla Üniversitesi, Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Muğla.

Serçe, Ö. (2003) Denizli (Kale-Çardak-Çameli) İli Tipulidae (Insecta, Diptera) faunasının

Araştırılması. (Yüksek Lisans Tezi), Muğla Sıtkı Koçman Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü,

Muğla.

Barlas, M., Civelek, H.S., Koç, H., Sarıbıyık, S., Yorulmaz, B., Tonguç, A. & Özgül, O. (2006)

Güney Batı Anadolu Sulak Alanlarının Sucul ve Yarı Sucul Diptera Faunasının Biyolojik Çeşitliliği

ve Zenginliğinin Araştırılması, TÜBİTAK, Ankara, 270 pp.