The Vegetation and Productivity of the Caspian’s Shores In Azerbaijan

Murat MUSAYEV, Vagif ATAMOV, Musa CABBAROV

Abstract


This study was performed on the phloristic and phytosociologic features and the classification and productivity of the vegetation of Caspian shores in Azerbaijan. Between Abseron peninsula and Astaraya (100-150 m shore zone) of the shore, 34 families, 93 geneses, and 134 species were defined. In the study area 17 species are submerged in water, 25 of them are partially submerged and 79 of them are expanded in the swamps and damp places. In the region, desert, semi-desert, swamp, and forest ecosystems, sandy-desert, halophytic damp desert, halophytic arid desert, subtropical semi-desert, ephimeric subtropical semi-desert, swamp, meadow-swamp, shore plain forest, and shore tugay forest, consisting of 48 formations and 57 associations were identified. The productivity of the ground surface and underground phytomasses were 40-6400 gr and 50-4560 gr, respectively.

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