Konya’nın Akşehir, Ilgın ve Kadınhanı ilçelerinde buzağı perinatal mortalite prevalansı

Emine Celik, Ismail Sen, Hasan Guzelbektes

Abstract


Perinatal mortality (PM) may be defined as calf dead prior to, during or within 48 hours of calving. The main cases of PM are combined respiratory and metabolic acidosis, parturient trauma, hypoglobulinemia, congenital infections and deficiencies.

Prevalence of perinatal mortality of newborn 260 calves in ten dairy farms in Aksehir, Ilgın and Kadınhanı province of Konya between 2009-2011 years was investigated in the study. For statistic, all date was analyzed using Pearson Chi- Square test (SPSS 16.0 package program)

Dairy farm type; the rate of perinatal mortality in close (40,6%) and open (28,6)  dairy farms had high (p< 0,05) compared to half-open dairy farm (7,5%). Dairy farm capacity; the rate of perinatal mortality in dairy farm included 1-5, 6-20, 21-50, and >50 dairy animals were found 38%, 20%, 16.7% and 7%, respectively.  The rate of perinatal mortality in dairy farms that birth and calf house was lower (p< 0,05) compared to in dairy farms that no birth and calf house. Breed; The rate of perinatal mortality in Holstein, Brown-Swiss and others breeds were 13,8%, 17,2% and 7,8%, respectively. 

In conclusion; the result of the study showed that the rate of perinatal mortality in North-Western region of Konya was 12,7%. We could say that the main cause of increase rate of PM was using traditional methods in dairy farms. In the meantime, it was also important for PM more numbers of nulliparous cows and totally low animal numbers in dairy farms.


Keywords


calves, perinatal mortality, prevalance, Konya

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